Blank is currently a Senior Fellow for Russia at the American Foreign Policy
Council. Previously, he was a Professor
of National Security for 24 years at the Strategic Studies Institute of the
U.S. Army War College in Carlisle Barracks, Pennsylvania. Blank’s expertise covers the entire Russian
and post-Soviet region, and he has also written extensively on defense
strategy, arms control, information warfare, energy issues, U.S. foreign and
defense policy, and European as well as Asian security.
currently writing a book on Russian policy in East Asia and is the author of
numerous publications. He participates
frequently at professional conferences throughout the United States, Europe,
and Asia. Prior to joining the Army, he
taught at the University of California, Riverside, and the University of Texas,
San Antonio. He was also a Professor of
National Security Studies at the U.S. Air War College’s Center for Aerospace
Doctrine, Research and Education.
Emerson T. Brooking
Emerson Brooking is a Resident Fellow at the Atlantic Council in the Digital Forensic Research Lab. Among other objectives, the mission of the Digital Forensic Research Lab is “to identify, expose, and explain disinformation where and when it occurs using open source research.”
He examines the intersection of social media and conflict, considering how information manipulation shapes broader trends within international security. In 2018, he co-authored a book entitled LikeWar: The Weaponization of Social Media, which was named by Foreign Affairs as one of its books of the year. Brooking has also published in The Atlantic, Foreign Affairs, WIRED, and Rolling Stone.
Prior to joining the Atlantic Council, Brooking was a Research Fellow at the Council on Foreign Relations. In addition, he has advised the National Security Council, Joint Staff, and Intelligence Community on disinformation and electoral security. In 2019, Forbes named Brooking as one of its “Forbes 30 Under 30” for law and policy.
Fritz W. Ermarth
Fritz Ermarth worked for 25 years at the CIA (1973–1998), serving in a number of capacities, including Chairman of the National Intelligence Council, National Intelligence Officer for the USSR and East Europe, and Director of the Strategic Evaluation Center. He has received both the Distinguished Intelligence Medal and the National Intelligence Distinguished Service Medal. In addition, Ermarth served as Special Assistant to President Ronald Reagan.
Ermarth worked at the RAND Corporation in the late 1960s and the 1970s, and returned to RAND for a sabbatical year in 1994 while still employed at the CIA. In 2002, he became the Director of National Security Programs at the Nixon Center, now known as the Center for National Interest. Ermarth then became a part-time senior analyst for the Strategies Group at Science Applications International Corporation.
Robert S. Gelbard
serving in the Peace Corps in Bolivia from 1964 to 1966, Robert Gelbard joined
the Foreign Service in 1967. He then
spent 35 years as a diplomat in the State Department, with several senior
policy positions, including Ambassador to Indonesia and Bolivia, President
Clinton’s Special Envoy to the Balkans, and Assistant Secretary of State for
International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs, where he managed U.S.
has received a Presidential Meritorious Award, the State Department’s Superior
Honor Award, and the State Department’s Meritorious Honor Award, and in 2002 he
received the State Department’s Distinguished Service Award, its highest
Gelbard serves on the Board of Directors at Foreign Policy for America and the
Atlantic Council as well as manages Gelbard International Consulting.
Glancy is the Walter and Leonore Annenberg Chair of International Communication
and Professor of Strategy and Statecraft at The Institute of World
Politics. Previously, he was an
Associate with Booz Allen Hamilton, where he worked on education technology
issues with the National Intelligence University.
addition, Glancy has held positions at the State Department and the Defense
Department. At the State Department, he
served as a Senior Advisor for Political-Military Affairs and was responsible
for handling a number of high-profile issues (coalition political-military
efforts in Iraq, issues related to the U.S. global military posture, piracy off
the coast of Somalia). At the Defense
Department, Glancy was a policy analyst and advisor at the Office of the
Secretary of Defense. During his time at
the Pentagon, he served as the Director of the Global War on Terrorism
is currently a Senior Fellow in National Security Affairs at the American
Foreign Policy Council. Now with
emeritus status, he was a Professor of Government at Georgetown University for
more than 40 years, specializing in security studies and international
relations. From 1993 to 2015, he was
president of the National Strategy Information Center.
served as a consultant to the U.S. National Security Council, the President’s
Foreign Intelligence Advisory Board, and related agencies of the U.S.
government, as well as international organizations, including the Organization
of American States and the United Nations.
has authored/coauthored several books, including the first academic study of
Soviet active measures, Dezinformatsia. He is currently researching strategic
opportunities to further U.S. ideals and interests and to develop political and
cultural capabilities in the United States and abroad to mitigate and manage
anticipated global challenges.
Brian Michael Jenkins
Jenkins presently serves as the Senior Advisor to the President of the RAND
Corporation and last year was recognized for his 50-year association with the
institution. For 17 years, he ran RAND’s
Political Science Department and directed its research on political
violence. He is also the Director of the
National Transportation Security Center at the Mineta Transportation Institute.
his career, Jenkins has served on a number of government commissions and
panels, including the Long Commission, Inman Panel, Presidential Commission on
Aviation Security and Terrorism (advisor), White House Commission on Aviation
Safety and Security, and National Commission on Terrorism (advisor).
to 1998, Jenkins was the Deputy Chairman of Kroll Associates and was
responsible for the firm’s crisis-management practice, directing worldwide
responses to kidnapping and extortion cases.
A. Ross Johnson
Johnson is a History and Public Policy Fellow at the Wilson Center and Senior
Advisor to the President of Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty. His current projects are Uses and Misuses of
Social Media, Optimizing U.S.G. Global Media, and Geopolitics of the Western
Balkans. Previously, Johnson was
director of RFE, director of the RFE/RL Research Institute, Counselor and
Acting President of RFE/RL, research fellow at the Hoover Institution, and
senior staff member at the RAND Corporation specializing in Soviet and East
European security issues.
has published widely. His publications include “Managing Media Influence
Operations; Lessons from Radio Free Europe and Radio Liberty,” International Journal of Intelligence and
Counterintelligence (2018); Radio
Free Europe and Radio Liberty; the CIA Years and Beyond (2010); and
numerous RAND reports (1969–1989).
honored for service at RFE with the Laurel Award from the prime minister of
Poland and the Meritorious Service to Polish Culture award from the Polish
minister of culture.
is the founder and president of The Institute of World Politics (IWP), a
Washington-based graduate school focused on national security and international
affairs. In the 1980s, he served in the
State Department with the Bureau of European Affairs and as Special Advisor to
Under Secretary for Political Affairs Lawrence Eagleburger. Lenczowski was also Director of European and
Soviet Affairs at the National Security Council, serving as principal Soviet
affairs adviser to President Ronald Reagan.
addition to being an adjunct professor at Georgetown University for 15 years, Lenczowski
has been associated with several academic and research institutions, including
the University of Maryland, American Enterprise Institute, Ethics and Public Policy
Center, Council for Inter-American Security, and International Freedom
Foundation. He has authored four books.
is a retired FBI Supervisory Special Agent with expertise in
counterintelligence and counterterrorism.
He served in various FBI field offices, as well as two assignments at
FBI Headquarters in the Security Office, the Counterintelligence Division, and
the Inspection office. Major was named
by the FBI to be its first official assigned to the National Security Council
as a staff officer. He served as the
Director, Intelligence and Counterintelligence Programs, and briefed and
advised President Ronald Reagan on counterintelligence matters, as well as
security policy and programs. Major was
an original member of the Active Measures Working Group.
retiring from the FBI, Major founded the Centre for Counterintelligence and
Security Studies, which provides counterintelligence, counterterrorism,
investigative skills, and security training for the government, academic, and
corporate sectors, teaching more than 150,000 students.
Robert McCreight is a senior consultant with Global Concepts & Communications, LLC. He has more than 35 years of experience in the State Department, working on various topics, including global security, arms control, intelligence operations, biowarfare, nuclear weaponry, counterterrorism, emergency humanitarian missions, and Political/Military (POLMIL) affairs. He has completed special projects for the National Security Council and the White House involving counterterrorism and homeland security.
McCreight’s work includes development of Homeland Security Directives for the White House, collaborative terrorism research involving Russian Special Forces, and campaign planning for major disasters and humanitarian crises. He also served 27 years concurrently in the U.S. military working in intelligence, Psychological Operations (PSYOP), civil affairs, and logistics.
Caitlin Schindler is currently a research professor at The Institute of World Politics (IWP). Her research looks at the origins of American public diplomacy from 1776 through 1948, with the aim of identifying patterns and techniques of American public diplomacy that may be integrated into present-day public diplomacy practice.
Schindler earned an MA in Strategic Intelligence from IWP and a PhD from the University of Leeds. She has worked as an executive officer for a U.S. defense contractor supporting various government customers, mainly in counterterrorism policy and operations. Schindler is focusing on strategic communications in statecraft.
Michael J. Sulick
Michael Sulick is currently a consultant on international affairs and insider threats. In government, he had a 28-year career at the CIA, retiring in 2010 as Director of the National Clandestine Service (NCS). As Director NCS, Sulick was responsible for coordinating the espionage activities of the U.S. Intelligence Community and managing global covert operations on terrorism, weapons proliferation, and regional and country-specific issues.
In addition to his work at NCS, Sulick held a number of other senior positions, both at CIA headquarters and overseas, including Chief of CIA counterintelligence and Chief of the Central Eurasian Division. In 1991, he was the first CIA officer to enter the Soviet Union to forge new relationships with the intelligence services of a newly independent former Soviet republic. He has had two books published by Georgetown University Press: American Spies and Spying in America.
Arnold L. Horelick
Arnold Horelick is a specialist on Russian foreign policy and military strategy, with most of his career being associated with the RAND Corporation. He was RAND’s first corporate fellow and was the founding Director of the RAND/UCLA Center for the Study of Soviet International Behavior, teaching both at the RAND Graduate School and at UCLA. Horelick was a professor of political science at UCLA.
From 1977 to 1980, Horelick served as the CIA’s National Intelligence Officer for the Soviet Union and Eastern Europe and was awarded the CIA’s Distinguished Intelligence Medal upon leaving government service. Prior to his retirement, Horelick served for two years as Director of the Russian and Eurasian program at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace.
Note: No workshop organizer, participant or advisor received any compensation – in any form – for their time or effort related to this workshop or the resulting summary report. However, two participants residing outside the Washington area had their travel and accommodation expenses paid.